by Patsy Kanter and Steven Leinwand
"Numerical fluency develops when students communicate their understanding and construct and share their strategies."
—Patsy Kanter and Steven Leinwand
Ideas and strategies for rethinking numerical fluency instruction
Numerical fluency is about understanding, not memorization. It comes over time as students engage in active thinking and doing, not endless worksheets and timed tests.
Classroom instruction and materials, however, often don’t feel aligned with these realities.
In Developing Numerical Fluency, Patsy Kanter and Steven Leinwand take a fresh look at a commonly-asked question: “How do I teach number facts so my students know them fluently?” They apply their decades of experience teaching mathematics to rethinking effective fluency instruction.
In this sample, you'll find: