“Teachers who understand how children think about mathematics are well equipped to teach for understanding regardless of the specific reform initiatives.”

—Thomas P. Carpenter, Elizabeth Fennema, Megan Loef Franke, Linda Levi, and Susan B. Empson

Read a sample chapter from the highly-anticipated second edition of Children’s Mathematics to learn more about how Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) classrooms engage children in thinking deeply about mathematics. Chapter 9 (Developing Classroom Practice: Posing Problems and Eliciting Thinking) includes:

  • Choosing meaningful problems and posing them in ways that connect with children
  • Eliciting children’s thinking and asking thoughtful follow-up questions
  • Using knowledge of children’s thinking to guide instruction


Children's Mathematics, Second Edition